Optimal navigability of weighted human brain connectomes in physical space

The architecture of the human connectome supports efficient communication protocols relying either on distances between brain regions or on the intensities of connections. However, none of these protocols combines information about the two or reaches full efficiency. Here, we introduce a continuous spectrum of decentralized routing strategies that combine link weights and the spatial embedding of connectomes to transmit signals. We applied the protocols to individual connectomes in two cohorts, and to cohort archetypes designed to capture weighted connectivity properties. We found that there is an intermediate region, a sweet spot, in which navigation achieves maximum communication efficiency at low transmission cost. Interestingly, this phenomenon is robust and independent of the particular configuration of weights.Our results indicate that the intensity and topology of neural connections and brain geometry interplay to boost communicability, fundamental to support effective responses to external and internal stimuli and the diversity of brain functions.